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POST-COMPLETION OPT FOR F-1 STUDENTS
Must have completed one full academic year of full-time study
Employment must be in the student’s major field of study
Must not have not used 12 months or more of full-time CPT (Curricular Practical Training)
Note: Students applying for Post-completion OPT will lose their OPT eligibility if they depart the U.S. during their grace period and USCIS has not received their OPT application prior to departure. Students will be unable to return until OPT is approved.
OPT applications must be received by USCIS no earlier than 90 days before and no later than 60 days after the student’s date of degree completion.
Disclaimer: Please note, these directions are meant to help you in completing your application but should not be considered legal advice. The US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) ultimately provides the decision on your OPT application. It is your responsibility, as the OPT applicant, to ensure that your OPT application is accurate and complete before you submit it to the US government. Incomplete applications could result in a delay in processing time or denial. MassArt in no event shall be held liable for any delay, denial, or mistake on your OPT application.
STEPS TO APPLY FOR OPT
Step 1 : Scan Electronic Copies of Your Supporting Documents
- Passport style photograph [Photos must be taken within the last 30 days and cannot have previously been used for a passport, visa, or other US government-related application.]
- I-94 record (click get most recent)
- One of the following: Previously issued Employment Authorization Document (EAD) (scans of both front and back) OR Government-Issued ID (such as a passport) showing your picture, name, and date of birth; a birth certificate with photo ID) if you have never been issued an EAD
- Most recent I-20
- Draft of Completed Form I-765 (see Sample Form for suggestions for completing)
- If you have previously been approved for CPT or OPT, you MUST submit copies of all I-20s that list CPT/OPT authorization
Step 2 : Submit documentation for review
Step 3 : Receive OPT Recommended I-20
If everything you submit is fully accurate and correct, your International Student Advisor will:
- Formally recommend your OPT Application in the SEVIS system
- Issue and email you a new I-20 showing that your OPT has been formally recommended
- Email you with any suggested changes and the suggested order you should send the documents in.
Step 4 : E-file your application
(Must be filed within 30 days from the I-20 issue date on your OPT Recommended I-20)
To successfully e-file the I-765, you must have all documents listed under Step 1 AND your new OPT Recommended I-20 from your International Student Advisor.
- Create a USCIS Account or Sign In To Your Already Existing Account: At the USCIS website, create an account. Details on how to create an account are also available at the USCIS website.
- Select the I-765 Form to File Once Logged In: Select “Application for Employment Authorization (I-765).” It is near the bottom of the form list. Proceed with completing the I-765 details; use your previous I 765 as a draft and make any changes needed as you proceed with filing.
- Complete the I-765 Form and pay the fee online (you can refer to the one you submitted for my review as a draft but should also make any suggested changes here).
- Review and Submit: Here you will review all of the information you have provided so far and you will then click to submit your I-765 online application.
Step 5 : Wait for your OPT Application to be Processed
Keep in mind that your application will be reviewed by USCIS and can take three to five months to process
- USCIS will usually email or mail you a receipt within approximately 2 weeks of when it is received. Save this document for your records. Track your case online
- If you need to leave the U.S. before you receive your EAD, speak with your International Student Advisor.
Step 6 : ReceivE Your EAD Card
Your EAD card is an extremely important document that will be mailed to the physical address that you indicated on your I-765 form. As soon as you receive it, you must:
- Submit a copy of the front and back via email to your International Student Advisor
- Keep your EAD card in a safe place and treat it as you would your passport
- If you lose your EAD card, you cannot work until after you receive a replacement card
- It can take 3-5 months to replace a lost EAD card and the process is like reapplying for OPT all over again (including paying the $410 fee) so be very careful not to lose it!
Traveling on Post-Completion OPT
Once you have graduated, you are required to show these documents in order to re-enter the U.S. in F-1 status:
- Valid I-20 - Page two should list your employer's information and be signed by your International Student Advisor within the last 6 months
- Valid F-1 Visa - If your F-1 visa is expired, you must apply for a new one at a U.S. embassy or consulate prior to your return. (Note: Canadian citizens do not need a visa)
- Valid Passport - The expiration date should be at least six months into the future at any given time
- Valid Employment Authorization Document (EAD)
- Evidence of a job offer or resumption of employment. If you are returning to the U.S without evidence of a job offer, you may be questioned at the port of entry
YOUR RESPONSIBILITIES WHILE ON OPT
While your International Student Advisor will continue to support you during this period by maintaining your SEVIS record, it is your responsibility to report the required information related to your OPT.
When to Report an OPT Update
You should report an OPT update within 10 Days of Any of the Following:
- Start of employment (ideally you should report as soon as possible once your OPT is approved to prevent SEVIS counting days of unemployment)
- End of employment
- Change of employers
- Current employer changes name and/or address
- Change of Visa Status (e.g. to H-1B)
- Change in residential address
- Update to biographical information (e.g. name, surname, etc.)
- Leaving the U.S. and not intending to use OPT anymore
How to Report an OPT Update
You are required to make all OPT updates through the SEVP Portal, a tool that allows F-1 students on post-completion OPT and STEM OPT to report information to the government.
Please remember that travel signatures are valid for 6 months when you are on OPT. If you will travel internationally and need a new travel signature, please email your international student advisor
Visit Travel In And Out of the US for more information about travel.